The exact origin of roulette is lost. There was likely some form of a wheel based game
going back almost as far as the origin of the wheel itself. There are stories
that the game was invented in China and brought to Europe by traders who were
trading with the Chinese.
Several versions of a wheel and spinning ball were invented in the mid 17th
and 18th centuries in Europe. The first
roulette game was introduced in the mid l7th Century by a French scientist, Blaise Pascal during a "monastic
retreat" and played for the first time in a Paris casino.
This game contained all of the features that we have today with the one
exception, the single zero was colored red while the double zero was colored
black. This led to some confusion for players and the color green was introduced
for the zero and double zero.
Frenchmen Francois and Louis Blanc invented the single zero roulette game in
1842. Because gambling was illegal in France during this time, the game was
introduced in Hamburg, Germany where it became very popular and replaced an
earlier, lower odds version. When gambling was outlawed in Germany the inventors
of the single zero machine Louis Blanc and Francois went to Monaco to establish
and operate a casino. The casino set the standards for roulette in Europe, and
roulette remained exclusive to Monte Carlo until 1933. As a result, the
luxurious, world-famous resort of Monte Carlo was developed.
When roulette came to the United States in the early 1800s, the improvements were
deleted, and a double zero returned. The double zero roulette wheels or "American Wheels"
were very popular in the old west of
America. The penetration of the single zero wheel or "European Wheel"
were and still is wider in Europe then in United States.
In Europe and Atlantic City the casinos introduced another refinement to the
game that increased the odds for the player, the
option of “En Prison” or "la partage rule" was offered. With the en prison option if the player has
made an even money bet (bet on Even or Odd, Red or Black, 1-18 or 19-36) and
zero or double zero is the next outcome the player has two options: "imprison"
the bet (the bet stays where it is and
the next spin determines if the bet is lost or returned to the player) or surrender half of the bet.
One Winner Story - Monte Carlo or Bust
In 1891, Charles DeVille won $13,000 (a fortune back then) at the Monte Carlo roulette tables. He
placed all his money on the number 5, five times in a row! When this extraordinary sequence was finished, he
left and bought a yacht in the south of France with his winnings..
Online Roulette History
Roulette was one of the first game that was offered by online casinos. When
first Internet casino (Gaming Club) had been launched in 1995 it had this
popular table game in its software package. Today almost all online casinos
offer at least two versions of roulette: American and European.
Microgaming casinos also feature French and European Roulette Gold games.
You can also see
selected recent roulette winners and biggest online roulette winners
for the last several years of online casinos history. Follow the links on page to see real
winner stories and testimonials (where available).
The history is made by the real players and you can be among them. The largest
online win on roulette was almost $438K and there are no limits on further wins
as the jackpot of progressive Roulette Royale
game keeps on growing!
See Casinos Offering Online Roulette >